devise manually send confirmation email

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devise manually send confirmation email

Like this: Please be sure to answer the question. Provide details and share your research. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Browse other questions tagged ruby-on-rails ruby email devise or ask your own question. You must pass the second argument ( token ) too, like the following: I just updated my answer with a fix to it. The proposed solution in your question is just postponing the email, not exactly manually triggering it. Please be sure to answer the question. Provide details and share your research. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Browse other questions tagged ruby-on-rails ruby ruby-on-rails-4 devise devise-confirmable or ask your own question. I want to give the user a link to click and resend the confirmation email. Problem is, when the user clicks the link, it isn't going to the devise controller. Is there something I'm missing in the routes.rb file? Here is my setup: Note: not ajaxified All devise logic regarding email verification is preserved: Please be sure to answer the question. Provide details and share your research. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. Browse other questions tagged ruby-on-rails ruby-on-rails-3 devise or ask your own question. Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community.Thats great you wrote your own solution but may be that's not DRY in a sense that Devise already has simple answer to it. Reload to refresh your session. Reload to refresh your session. You're invoking the method passing just one argument.

You must pass the second argument ( token ) too, like the following: def createWe're going to use Action Mailer with Devise which a popular, full-fledged authentication. We'll use gmail as a from mail but in next chapter (Rails Heroku Deploy - Authentication and sending confirmation email using Devise), we'll use SENDGRID on Heroku Let’s see how to create an advanced complete automated confirmation email campaign. Step 4: Set up email automation with conditions. Suppose you send a double opt-in confirmation email to your new users. So in your first email, you include a confirmation button. The proposed solution in your question is just postponing the email, not exactly manually triggering it. If you want to forbid sending the email immediately and then to send it manually you could do it like this: class RegistrationsControllerSo far, we're able to make. Confirmable ? There are many sections to configure for your confirmation email. We’ll take a look at each of them below. Step 3: Send to Email Address. The first section is for the email addresses of those you want to send a confirmation email to. By default, WPForms will send a confirmation email to the admin email from your WordPress settings. Module: Devise::Models::Confirmable — Documentation for, Confirmation instructions are sent to the user email after creating a record and when manually requested by a new confirmation instruction request. Confirmable ? We have a system in which administrators manually grant access to the users. And the users are confirmable. Once the registration is made, we skip the confirmation notification ( the user receives no e-mail ), later on when it is validated by an admin, we send the confirmation.

Reconfirmable: integrating Devise into a non-standard registration, Consider an application where you want to confirm a user's email address key - this will need to be sent to the user when setting a new email address to verify that and then make sure reconfirmable is enabled in the Devise config by We used this to set a 6-digit passcode to be manually entered into a? Your letter will look more professional if printed on quality paper. Even if you send an email confirmation, mail an official signed copy as well. Sign the letter in the space provided, using blue or blank ink.Actually I'm after a devise confirmation token, any idea on how to implement this? Sometimes renderer is getting fired and sometimes not, when trying to display a dynamic column. We will still be able to see their contents in the console though.We'll use a bundled generator script to create the User model.If the User model already exists, it will be updated. But we don't check the user's email if it's valid or not. So, we may want to have a confirmation from the user when they sign up. In this tutorial, we'll use gmail's smtp service. They are the views that have been working for us hidden from us. If we want to edit the forms we need to ask Devise to export all templates to our views folder, which we just did using the rails g devise:views command. It doesn't have any impact on what the link actually does.So what is this path pointing to? I hate it as much as I like it. To do that we need to run rails g controller users. However, we may want to create routes for index, edit, show and update. Message-ID. Subject: Confirmation instructions. Mime-Version: 1.0. Content-Transfer-Encoding: 7bit. Confirmation instructions are sent to the user email after creating a record and when manually requested by a new confirmation instruction request. After this period, the user access is denied. You canUntil confirmed, new email isIf the user is already confirmed, it should never be blocked.

Otherwise we need to calculate if the confirm time has not expired for this user. If the user is invalid add errors Regenerates the token if the period is expired. Confirmation instructions are sent to the user email after creating a record, after updating it's email and also when manually requested by a new confirmation instruction request. Whenever the user update it's email, his account is automatically unconfirmed, it means it won't be able to sign in again without confirming the account again through the email that was sent. If the user is already confirmed, it should never be blocked. Otherwise we need to calculate if the confirm time has not expired for this user, in other words, if the confirmation is still valid. From there, once a new user signs up to the app they are sent a confirmation email. That email then contains a link with a unique token that once clicked signals to your application to create the new user account. The perk of this is increased security. The person signing up will likely be entering their own email address. In doing so they can successfully visit their inbox to see the new confirmation email that is unique to their own email and session inside the application. I make use of a gem called which acts as a buffer on a separate port to intercept any e-mails sent locally in your given Ruby on Rails app. Rails.application.configure doIn most cases, this is often the User model but any model would suffice. Think Account, Admin, Profile, etc. Mine looks like the following. By default, Devise ships with these ready to roll if you just created a new install of the gem. You can simply uncomment those fields you require and run rails db:migrate. In our specific case we only nee the confirmable fields. So I'll uncomment all but the last. My file now looks like the following: I'll create two new controllers that will feature basic index actions and views.

These are merely for example purposes and serve no real dynamic data but you can learn how to lock down more advanced scenarios using the code I've utilized here. In doing so I've updated my routes file to the following. Rails.application.routes.draw doThis is a handy way to generate fully RESTful routing if we so desire in the future.We need a way to hook into the confirmable option to tell both our app and Devise what to do next. This means inheriting some controller logic from the devise gem and passing some options at runtime. Inside you'll notice a little different syntax. Think of this as a subclass of a subclass. If they created an account, visited their email, and clicked on the link to confirm we can use the token to find the given resource and officially grant them access to the application. After they get signed in we can tell designate where they head next.There will be a new form (that's really ugly) that you can supply your email, password, and password confirmation on. Once you click sign up you should see a new email show up in mailcatcher. Within the email, you can visit the link to activate your account. Confirmable should be working well. In your production environment, you obviously wouldn't use mailcatcher but a third-party email service provider like Postmark, Sendgrid, etc. Ruby on Rails makes it quite easy to hook into other services and spend next to no time on configuration and more time where it matters, on your features and products. Hello Rails is a modern course designed to help you start using and understanding Ruby on Rails fast. If you're a novice when it comes to Ruby or Ruby on Rails I invite you to check out the site. The course will be much like these builds but a super more in-depth version with more realistic goals and deliverables. Sign up to get notified today. TipsAfter spending some time figuring out I thought it would be good to share it so you don’t have to waste any time integrating this must have functionality.

For more complex apps it is usually recommended to use a state machine gem such as state machine or transitions which allows the user to exist in multiple states (eg inactive, active, suspended etc) but for this example we will keep it simple and just use a boolean column in the users table which allows the user be inactive or active. We will also add a column to hold the unique confirmation token that we will use to verify the user. In order to do this use the generate command in the terminal inside your rails app root folder: For insights into the other option which would be to create a new controller specifically for the task of confirming a users email please see the railscasts episode on implementing password reset functionality to your rails app.Rails has some powerful inbuilt email magic that abstracts the actual workings under the hood away from us mere mortals and at this stage all you need to know is that it works.In this file the and variables refer to the name and email columns in the user table which you probably have already previously setup but perhaps with different naming conventions. Change the variables to reflect your specific naming scheme. Thanks for registering. To confirm your registration click the URL below.This unique random string is then inserted into the email that is sent to the user and is used to identify which user to verify. While we’re at it we can create the callback that ensures the confirm token is generated and inserted into the users table when a new user is created.If not they are redirected to the signin page again and asked to activate their account. The sessions controller create action now looks like this (though yours may look somewhat different depending on your previous work): It’s free. It takes the random string in the confirm token field in the users table and uses it to identify which user to verify.

If it finds a user that corresponds to the random string in the confirm token field it sets the email confirmed field to true, and clears the confirm token field to invalidate a subsequent click on the now expired link.Your email has been confirmed.There is a call to a email activate method on the line activate and this method doesn’t exist yet.This was not covered in this tutorial but I thought I would leave it in as most of you will have similar functionality and it throws an error if the validation isn’t bypassed. Go ahead, make a new user and test it to make sure it’s working. I found it so helpfun bcos i dont like using devise to avoid complexity. Cheers. The modules it provides are easy to integrate and follow best practices for securing your application. But sometimes your application requires a little out of the box thinking. So what do you do when your user journeys aren't what Devise is expecting? The standard flow for the devise confirmable module is to do it the other way round. So you're going to have to hand-crank this functionality. But you also really want to use confirmable's reconfirmable feature when users change their email address, which means enabling confirmable as well. Now you've got two competing confirmation systems and you've got your knickers in a twist. This post will lay out how to bypass confirmable for registration while still using reconfirmable for changing emails. The Devise Github repository has a good tutorial for this, and the rest of the post will assume a working implementation of Devise without confirmable enabled. The temporary email address is stored here, and persisted to the email column when confirmation is complete. Sounds simple enough right? But what about existing users. They aren't confirmed, and they don't have a token with which to confirm.We're already confirming a user's email address as part of the registration journey, so we don't need to confirm it post-registration.

But by default, confirmable is going to send its own confirmation email to the user. So how do we get around it? So the first step is to do nothing at all: So let's expand a little: The user can log in just fine, and didn't receive any superfluous confirmation emails. Please leave a comment if you can help to improve this guide, whether with constructive criticism or additional sources. Open source and radically transparent. Before the existing users could get into the new app, they would need to reset their password. We use Devise for user authentication and wanted to leverage its existing functionality for our custom mailer. If you need to do this, I suggest consulting the Getting Started section in the gem’s documentation. It also assumes that you already have User model objects in your database that have email attributes. Write the name of your project in the “Inbox name” field in the top right corner of the window, and click “Create Inbox”. The credentials for the inbox should be displayed on that page, under the STMP Settings tab. It will look something like this: For our purposes, we’ll just generate the Devise default mailer templates. By passing users, the generated views will be nested within the users view directory. The -v mailer command scopes the generated views to just those pertaining to the mailers.We’ll leave these templates as-is, and create a new mailer template to specifically welcome users to the new app and provide them a link to reset their passwords. This will do nothing right now, but later on we’ll connect it to our UserMailer to generate a token. We’re going to change the value to our soon-to-be-created custom mailer, UserMailer. We can change it back to 6.hours after our new users have a chance to get acquainted with our new app. To access Devise’s Url Helpers in our custom mailer, we include Devise::Controllers::UrlHelpers.They default to looking for a view that has a name matching the mailer’s method name.

This could also be passed via params when a mailer is called in other cases. Just with this, any action in the UserMailer could be added to the file, and an ActionMailer::Preview object would be generated for the mailer when called in the rails console. Then we call the action on the UserMailer, and fulfill the required arguments by passing User.first. This will generate the mail preview with attributes from the first User in the database. Click on the link to reset your password. You’ll be taken to the sign in page for the user. Our goal is to have this link go to the reset password page. What it gives? If you don’t have these attributes on the User model, you’ll need to add them before this will work. The problem is that there is no token currently associated with the user that clicked on the email. We’ll need to create one and add it to this mailer in order for it to work. Let’s fix that. It accepts one argument, user, a User object to assign the specific token. Fire up a Rails server and visit. Click on the reset password link within your mailer. You should now be redirected to Devise’s Change Password page instead of the log in page. Unsubscribe anytime. Let’s tweak it a bit to use our mailer. Finally, the that was operated on is printed out to the console so the developers can track which users have received the email. Other users didn’t have any products, so they shouldn’t receive an alert to visit the new site. You’ll avoid bounced emails and make the process of sending many, many emails a little shorter. This will be unique to every app. This could be as simple as: To test it out, let’s tweak the task to return only 100 users: There you have it! You’ve successfully learned how to set up emails for forgotten password resets using Devise and Mailtrap. This is a common challenge in all types of applications, and is a useful skill for any Rails developer to learn. We will really appreciate it.

Please use the Not only does Mailtrap work as a powerful email test tool, it also lets you view your dummy emails online, forward them to your regular mailbox, share with the team and more. Mailtrap is a mail server test tool built by Railsware Products, Inc., a premium software development consulting company. By continuing to use our site and application, you agree to our Privacy Policy and use of cookies. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Confirmation instructions are sent to the userAfter this period, the user access is denied. You canUntil confirmed new email isIf the user is already confirmed, itOtherwise we need to calculate if the confirm timeIf the user is invalid addThis method does not need to generate a newThis can be overriden in models to map to a nice sign up e-mail. Let us know how we can make it better. These user accounts are the ones your end users utilize to log in to Duo-protected services and applications with two-factor authentication. Please see Managing Duo Administrators for more information. After your login is accepted, you then must authenticate using a second factor. You must activate your administrator account for Duo Mobile separately from your user account to use Duo's push authentication. See Managing Administrators for instructions. If you are concerned about compatibility, please update your browser or check your browser’s SSL implementation here: These are noted where applicable. Click each type of user count to filter by that category. You can also select URL to obtain a direct link to your current users view. If you've filtered your current view (like by entering search text in box), the report only includes the filtered results.

The Enrolling Users documentation covers all of our enrollment methods in detail. They can't be used to access devices or applications using Duo two-factor authentication. Be sure to also enroll your Duo administrators as Duo end users if they need to log on to Duo-protected services or applications. For each user that has not completed enrollment, the user's email address and the expiration date for the enrollment link previously sent is shown. If you need to send the user another copy of the enrollment link email, click the Resend button. Resending the email does not change the current enrollment link's expiration date. From the Dashboard page you can click the Add New.Otherwise, click Users in the left sidebar, then click the Add User button or the Add User submenu item in the left sidebar. The username should match the primary login used to access the Duo protected service. Typically this matches the primary authentication login name your users submit to Duo. Activation emails use this destination address. See Changing User Status for more information. These admins may also run manual full syncs or sync an individual account into Duo. Admins with the Help Desk role aren't able to run full syncs or change any of the directory sync options, but they can create or update an individual user bu running a single-user sync. You can do this for any user who isn't managed by directory sync. Fields managed by directory sync are read-only in the Admin Panel. The only way to update that information is to make the changes in the source directory and sync them over, which updates the Duo user's properties. User accounts deleted manually from the Admin Panel, purged for inactivity, or deleted by directory sync first get sent to the Trash. User accounts get permanently deleted after seven days in the Trash. When an account is restored from the Trash, all associated endpoint and authentication device information stays with the account.

A user account managed by directory sync is sent to the Trash if the user is removed from the configured sync group (or the sync group is removed from the directory configuration). Users sent to the Trash by a directory sync may only be restored from the trash by a sync; admins may not manually restore a user account managed by directory sync. However, admins can permanently delete synced accounts from the Trash during the seven day waiting period for permanent deletion. If an admin restores an inactive account from the Trash but the user does not log in, it gets sent back to the Trash for inactivity the next day. If a user authenticates during the seven day waiting period for permanent deletion the account is no longer inactive and is automatically restored from the Trash. Click Users in the left sidebar. On the properties page for that user, click Send to Trash. Viewing the user shows the expected permanent deletion date. Click Users in the left sidebar. Note the warning that this operation won't have any effect on users managed by a directory sync. Restoring a user returns the account to the regular Users view and unmarks the user account for permanent deletion, but does not restore user account status from Disabled to Active, so the restored users still may not log in with Duo. You'll need to change the restored user account status back to Active (or Bypass) before the user can log in again. Click Users in the left sidebar, and then click the Trash count at the top of the page. Note the warning that this operation won't have any effect on users managed by a directory sync. You can permanently delete an account manually during those seven days if you wish. This applies to both standard deleted users and users sent to the Trash by directory sync. If the user gets added back to Duo after permanent deletion they must re-enroll their phones or have tokens reassigned before authenticating.

Click Users in the left sidebar, and then click the Trash count at the top of the page. For example, a new user may have a problem during enrollment, or an existing user may lose or replace a phone or tablet. Here's how to activate or re-activate Duo Mobile for a user: Click the Generate Duo Mobile Activation Code button once you're ready to issue a new activation code for this device. The Duo Mobile app on that device will need to be activated with the new activation code to restore access. The first has a link that helps the user install Duo Mobile. The second message has a code that the user can use to immediately add the account to their Duo Mobile app. Click the Send Instructions by SMS button to send the text messages to the user's phone. These instructions can also be copied and pasted into an email to the user, if that's preferable. If the Duo user has an email address set then that address will be automatically present in the Email Address field. You can change this destination email address if you need to, or enter it if the Duo user has no email address saved. You may also choose whether to include your organization's logo in the message, or modify the subject or content before clicking Send Instructions by Email. See Activating Duo Mobile After Enrollment for more information.In addition to question and answer responses, you can send a Duo Push request to the end user as another validation method. If you don't see the link, you may need to assist the user with activating their phone for Duo Push. This is the default status for new users. The bypass event is recorded in the Duo authentication log. This status is only visible while an account is locked out, and cannot be manually set by an admin. Click Users in the left sidebar. When the status of a user is managed by a Duo group, the user's properties page indicates which group determines the user's status and the effective setting.

See our guides to Active Directory synchronization or Azure AD synchronization for details. All old codes are invalidated when a new batch is sent. To send passcodes: To get to this page click Settings in the left sidebar. Bypass codes are not intended as a user's only 2FA method. A user can have up to 100 active bypass codes. Scroll down to the bottom of the user properties page and click the Add Bypass Code button.It can be used immediately. Confirm deletion of the bypass code when prompted. It's especially handy for quickly defining application access or assigning user status. See the Using Groups documentation for more information and detailed instructions. For further assistance, contact Support. If you use a third-party authentication app (such as Duo Mobile or Google Authenticator), you can set up two-factor authentication manually for your Instagram account which will generate a key you can use to set up two-factor authentication for each of your devices. Your Instagram key can also be used if you use multiple authentication apps on the same device. To set up two-factor authentication manually: Go to your profile and tap, then tap Settings. Tap Security and then scroll down and tap Two-Factor Authentication. Tap next to Authentication App, then tap Set Up Manually. If you don't see the toggle switch, tap Get Started. Tap Copy Key below the Instagram key and paste it into your authentication app (example: Duo Mobile or Google Authenticator). Note: You should copy the key code to your clipboard, take a screenshot, or save it in some other way since you won't be able to access the code again once you've finished setting up. After your Instagram account is linked to your authentication app, copy the 6-digit code your authentication app creates. Go back to the Instagram app, tap Next and paste the 6-digit code to complete the process on that device.

After you've set up two-factor authentication on the first device, you'll be able to send the Instagram key to your other devices and set up two-factor authentication from there. For Multiple Devices You'll only need to complete the entire process of setting up two-factor authentication on your first device. For all other devices, you'll be able to paste the Instagram key generated from your first device into the authentication app on each additional device and link your Instagram account to it. Keep in mind that your IG key is separate from a one-time code generated through your authentication app: IG key: Your IG key is a code that's generated when you manually set up two-factor authentication on a device and can be used to set up two-factor authentication across multiple devices. One-time code: This is a 6-digit security code you can use for verification. Recovery code: This is a code you can use as a backup if you can't access your 6-digit code generated by your authentication app. Was this information helpful. Yes No Permalink Related Articles Related Articles How do I use text messages (SMS) for two-factor authentication on Instagram. How do I change the phone number that I use for two-factor authentication. What's a recovery code. How do I use it on Instagram. How do I use an authentication app for two-factor authentication on Instagram. I think my Instagram account has been hacked. That has changed since the Devise version 3.1. The reason given was a possible vulnerability to the timing attacks, since the token was being stored in the database undigested. This can be addressed by providing a key along the token and by using a safe comparison method that either has random or constant execution time. Since REST-full API should be stateless, the sessions are not used, and the authentication is required for each request for protected resources. However, there are still two types of requests: I named my model “User”, but it can be something else.